Everglades National Park is located in southern Florida of the southeastern part of the United States. The park covers an area of 2,357 square miles (6,106.6 sq km) creating the third-largest national park in the United States and the largest tropical wilderness in the country.
The Everglades is a delicate ecosystem that is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site, a Biosphere Reserve, and a Wetlands of International Importance. The national park is home to the slowest moving river in the world flowing at only .25 miles (.40 km) day.
The ecosystems of the park include freshwater sloughs, hardwood hammocks, pineland, cypress and mangrove, coastal lowlands, along with marine and estuarine. The freshwater sloughs are the most common, however, it is this rich diversity of nature that served as is the driving factor for park protection status
The freshwater sloughs feature low-lying regions blanketed with slow-moving water, sawgrass reaching heights of 6 feet (1.8 m), and other marsh plant life. This predominant landscape is what has garnered the nickname “River of Grass.”
The elevation of the park ranges from 0 to 8 feet (2.4 m) above sea level. The trees rarely grow to typical heights and often form subtropical canopies that serve as a home for many of the wildlife species. The vegetation under the hammocks is immensely thick creating splendid homes for the abundant wildlife of the Everglades.
The alligator is the renowned species of the Everglades that is often the reason to visit the national park. However other wildlife that travelers hope to experience includes the Florida panther, black bear, red fox, grey fox, and white-tailed deer, raccoon, and some of the many reptiles and amphibians.
The cypress and mangrove parts of the park are what many people think of when it comes to the swamps of the Everglades. These trees have adapted to the presence of consistent water and tend to grove in domes or strands. The Everglades mangrove is the largest continuous mangrove system in the world.
The birds find these groves to be ideal for nesting and with species including egrets, ibis, herons, kingfisher, and wild turkey. Otters, bobcats, opossum, skunks, raccoons, and rabbits are also commonly found in these areas. The green turtle, hawksbill turtle, and manatee are highlights beneath the water.
The marine and estuarine is found in the Florida Bay which stretches from the mangroves to the Florida Keys and accounts for 800 square miles (2,100 sq km) of marine ecosystems. Many of the same mammalian and bird species are found in this region, however, the bottlenose dolphin is a pinnacle sighting in this part. Sharks and stingray are also a highlight.
The majority of tourists that head to Everglades National Park usually have alligators on the mind. The park is home to both alligators and crocodiles which thrive in this freshwater ecosystem. These can be seen driving through the park, hiking on the trails, or taking one of the guided boat tours.
Visitors can take advantage of the southwestern remote parts of the park that are limited to pervasive light which provides excellent opportunities to view the Milky Way and night skies.
- Alligator and crocodile sightings
- Other wildlife sightings
- Florida panther
- National Parks Conservation Association, Everglades, https://www.npca.org/parks/everglades-national-park, retrieved September 2019.
- National Park Foundation, Everglades, https://www.nationalparks.org/explore-parks/everglades-national-park, retrieved September 2019.
- National Park Services, Everglades, https://www.nps.gov/ever/index.htm, retrieved September 2019.
- UNESCO, Everglades National Park, https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/76/, retrieved September 2019.
- Visit Florida, How to Visit the Florida Everglades, https://www.visitflorida.com/en-us/things-to-do/outdoors-nature/everglades-national-park.html, retrieved September 2019.