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Tsavo East National Park

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Tsavo East National Park is located in southeastern Kenya and a little northwest of the sister Tsavo West National Park.    The national park encompasses an area of 5,308 square miles (13,747 sq km).

The Tsavo River flows easterly through the park and serves as the park’s namesake.  Along with Tsavo West National Park, Tsavo East borders Chyulu Hills National Park.

The national park is comprised of grasslands and savanna and riverbeds created by the Tsavo and Athi rivers which combine into the Galana River.  Collectively, they create one of the richest biodiverse areas of Africa with an abundance of wildlife.

The Big 5 (lion, leopard, elephant, rhino, and buffalo) are all accounted for.  There are approximately 675 lions across the surrounding ecosystem.  Predators species include lion, caracal, African wildcat, cheetah, bat-eared fox, hyena, jackal, leopard, mongoose, and of course the lion.

Other wildlife species include aardwolf, baboon, buffalo, bushbuck, dik-dik, duiker, eland, elephant, gazelle, genet, giraffe, hartebeest, hyrax, impala, klipspringer, kudu, oryx, porcupine, warthog, waterbuck, zebra and many smaller species.

Birdwatchers also have plenty to be excited for with over 500 species of birds found within Tsavo national park.  Ostrich is the largest however they are accompanied by kingfisher, hornbills, herons, starlings, weavers, buzzards, kestrels, among others.

Wildlife is not the only draw into Tsavo East.  Visitors can also look forward to seeing Lugard Falls which a collection of rapids is cascading over some rough terrain.  Additionally, there is the Yatta Plateau which delivers the longest lava flow in the world.

Mudanda Rock is a scenic lookout which provides great views of elephant and other animals that come to drink water during the dry season.


The lookout from Mudanda Rock is certainly a highlight for wildlife viewing.  However, without question, the abundant and diverse wildlife is the highlight of the national park.

Tsavo East National Park Trails:

Tsavo East is a wilderness area rich in diverse and abundant wildlife.  There are no trails for hiking in the national park.  However, there are guided walking safaris that allow you to intimately explore the wilds of the park on foot.  

The primary purpose of the walking safaris is to introduce and educate visitors about the flora and fauna of Tsavo. However, your walking safari is also an opportunity to keep your eyes open for wildlife while breathing the pristine fresh air and gazing across the astounding landscapes.

Your guided walking safari may take you on foot across Yatta Plateau which is the world's longest lava flow as well as along jagged volcanic cones.  You may meander along the Chyulu Hills to the clear waters of Mzima Springs.

Tsavo East Highlights

  • Mudanda Rock
  • Yatta Plateau
  • Lugard Falls
  • Aruba Dam with game viewing and birdwatching
  • Wildlife

Park Map