Ancient Goreme National Park

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Göreme National Park is located in the central part of Turkey, which is a volcanic area that includes Mount Erciyes and Mount Hasan. The national park boundaries encompass an area of 39 square miles (100 sq km).

Neither Mount Hasan, with a peak at 10,673 feet (3,253 m) nor Mount Erciyes with a peak of 12,851 feet (3,917 m) are in the park boundaries, however, they can be seen when visiting the park area. They are both picturesque volcano mountains.

This UNESCO World Heritage Site was created in plateaus and big hills that have been eroded by rivers and wind. Much of the plateaus and hills are comprised of basalt and further developed from the volcanic ash of the volcanoes.

The erosion has left behind stunning hoodoo rock formations that include fairy chimneys, pillars, rock towers, and tent rocks. The softer layers of these rock formations have been leveraged to dig out dwellings.

This Turkish cultural feature is a highlight of the park. The imagination that resulted in this complex system of underground and caves of storehouses, religious worship sites, stables for animals, and living quarters is mesmerizing.

Tunnels and underground connections reveal an 8-story deep city system amongst these hoodoo rock formations that is incredible. Parts of this area are still homes to locals and parts have been turned into hotel space for visitors.

Goreme Highlights

  • Göreme culture
  • The hoodoo landscape and unique rock formations

The landscape with the various pillars, rock towers, and other hoodoo rock formations is the highlight of a visit to Göreme National Park. However, one of the more intriguing aspects is how mankind in years past dug into and beneath these rock formations to create a community amongst these picturesque pillar landscapes.

Ancient Goreme Highlights


  • Göreme culture
  • The hoodoo landscape and unique rock formations


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