Ranomafana National Park is located on the eastern side of the island country of Madagascar. It is in the southcentral part that side of the island. The national park encompasses an area of 160.61 square miles (416 sq km).
The landscape of the park features tropical rainforest-covered mountains with park elevation ranging from 2,624.6 feet (800 m) to 3,937 feet (1,200 m). It is home to incredibly rare species of wildlife and vegetation.
The wildlife of the park reflects the tropical rainforest landscape. There are 43 mammal species with lemurs accounting for close to 20 of those. There are also 12 species of chameleons with another 10 species of lizards. These complement the 115 species of birds and 90 species of butterflies that fill the skies of the rainforest. Of the birds, 30 species are endemic to the area.
Visitors are required to secure a local guide to explore the park. This can be done in advance or upon arrival at the park office.
There are close to 20 different species of lemurs found within the park. These and the other 30 endemic species found only within the park area is a special treat.
Trails of Ranomafana National Park
There are 5 different hiking trails that provide opportunities for visitors to discover and learn more about the park. The trails vary in length with the shorter being more popular and more likely to be taken with others.
Varibolomena Circuit: This is a 4-hour hike that passes through the forest. There are chances to see lemurs on way to a picturesque waterfall.
Sahamaleotra Circuit: This is a 6.2-mile (10 km) hike through the forest which also provides opportunities for birdwatching and chances to see lemurs.
Vohiparara Circuit: This is a 12.4-mile (20 km) hike that takes 2 days unless you are in good shape and can push through with more vigorous efforts to make it in a long day. This trail takes hikers to a sacred lake with chances for birdwatching and seeing lemurs.
Varijatsy Circuit: This is a 9.3-mile (15 km) journey through the forest to see a waterfall, natural pool, and chances for birdwatching and spotting lemurs. This can be done in a long day or broken into two days.
Soarano Circuit: This is a trail over 12.4-mile (20 km) that meanders through the forest. Hikers can experience an array of vegetation, birdwatch, and have a chance to see lemurs and other wildlife. It will also take you past a traditional Tanaia village.
- Endemic species
- Madagascar Tourisme, Ranomafana National Park, https://madagascar-tourisme.com/en/discover/the-southeast/ranomafana/, retrieved October 2019.
- Natural World Safaris, Ranomafana National Park, https://www.naturalworldsafaris.com/africa/madagascar/ranomafana-national-park, retrieved October 2019.
- Travel Madagascar, Ranomafana National Park, http://www.travelmadagascar.org/PARKS/Ranomafana-National-Park.html, retrieved October 2019.
- Wild Madagascar, Ranomafana, https://www.wildmadagascar.org/conservation/parks/Ranomafana.html, retrieved October 2019.