Komodo National Park is located along the border between East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara provinces. Indonesia is comprised of more than 17,000 islands and Komodo National Park is found within the Lesser Sunda Islands.
The park is comprised of 29 different islands with Komodo, Padar, and Rinca being the largest three. The islands all developed from volcanic activity and display as rugged rounded hills reaching heights of 2,411 feet (735 m).
Savannah vegetation is the most commonly experienced flora in the island area. On islands that reach over 1,640 feet (500 m), there are cloud forests present. The mangrove forest is common in the coastal areas of the larger islands which offer protected bays.
The islands are also rich in the marine life of the waters surrounding them. Whale sharks, sunfish, rays, seahorses, and octopuses are some of the more popular. Wildlife is limited with deer, boar, and buffalo. However, the leading species is the Komodo dragon which is the world’s largest lizard.
The majority of visitors to Komodo National Park are there to experience the world’s largest lizard, the Komodo dragon. The dragon populations are kept strictly to the islands of Komodo, Rinca, Gili Motang, Gili Dasami, and Flores.
The largest population of, approximately 2,000, Komodo dragons are found on the island of Flores. Komodo island is second with a population of 1,700 dragons. Watching a Komodo dragon hunt and kill its prey would top your park experience.
Komodo dragons have no predators; they sit atop the food chain. They can take down a full-grown buffalo or deer without complication.
- Seeing the Komodo dragons in the wild
- Seeing a whale shark in the waters around the islands
- Scuba diving to experience the marine biodiversity
- Britannica, Komodo Island, https://www.britannica.com/place/Komodo, retrieved August 2019.
- IUCN World Heritage Outlook, Komodo National Park, https://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/explore-sites/wdpaid/67725, retrieved August 2019.
- Komodo National Park, Official Site, http://www.komodonationalpark.org/, retrieved August 2019.
- National Geographic, How to go Beyond the Dragons in Komodo National Park, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/asia/indonesia/adventures-komodo-national-park-unesco-world-heritage/, retrieved August 2019.
- UNESCO, Komodo Island National Park, https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/609/, retrieved August 2019.