Pantanal Matogrossense National Park is located in the in the northwestern region of Brazil. The national park encompasses an area of 523.6 square miles (1,356.1 sq km). It is part of the larger Pantanal Biosphere Reserve and collectively is part of the largest tropical wetland in the world.
The larger Pantanal Biosphere Reserve also includes Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park, Emas National Park, and Serra da Bodoquena National Park along with the state parks of Nascentes do Rio Taquari, Pantanal de Rio Negro, and Serra de Santa Barbara. The larger Pantanal area encompasses an area of 72,517 square miles (187,818 sq km).
Pantanal Matogrossense National Park and the larger Pantanal area is one of the more popular tourist destinations in Brazil for the travelers who have a passion for nature and wildlife. The park was declared a “Wetland of International Importance,” by the Ramsar Convention.
The name “Pantanal” is derived from the Portuguese language. The word pantano translate to mean bog, marsh, swamp or wetland. Planalto actually means plateau or high plain. The area is a massive gradual sloping basin that collects the runoff from the upper Andes.
The rainy season brings tumultuous rains that engulf all but about 20% of the Pantanal floodplains underwater. The rainy season fosters the diverse biological ecosystem with an array of aquatic flora. It is also home to an abundance and diverse collection of wildlife species.
Wildlife species include the coveted jaguar and the ocelot as the leading predators. Marsh deer, giant anteater, giant armadillo, and the giant otter are some of the other popular species.
Pantanal Matogrossense National Park is one of the coveted nature-lover’s destinations. The diversity of wildlife and flora attracts visitors from around the world.
Brazil, The Pantanal, https://www.brazil.org.za/pantanal.html, retrieved September 2019.
Britannica, Pantanal, https://www.britannica.com/place/Pantanal, retrieved September 2019.
Lonely Planet, The Pantanal, https://www.lonelyplanet.com/brazil/the-central-west/the-pantanal, retrieved September 2019.
National Geographic, Brazil’s Best Kept Secret, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/south-america/brazil/brazils-best-kept-secret-the-pantanal-wildlife-biodiversity-wetlands/, retrieved September 2019.
National Geographic, How to Explore the Pantanal, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/south-america/brazil/exploring-pantanal-brazil/, retrieved September 2019.
UNESCO, Pantanal Conservation Area, https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/999/, retrieved September 2019.
Visit Brazil, Pantanal Matogrossense National Park, https://www.visitbrasil.com/attractions/parque-nacional-do-pantanal-matogrossense-pantanal-matogrossense-national-park.html, retrieved September 2019.